ingredient substitutionsI know I’m not alone here. At least I hope not.

Have you ever started preparing a recipe only to realize halfway through that you’re missing a key ingredient? Then you think, “There has to be a substitution for that.”

Now you’ll know.

Check out this great list of common ingredient substitutions to help you when you’re stuck in a bind. I found some of them quite surprising!

Ingredient Amount Substitution
Allspice 1 tsp 1/2 tsp cinnamon plus 1/4 tsp ginger plus 1/4 tsp cloves
Baking mix 1 c 1 c pancake mix
Baking powder 1 tsp 1/4 tsp baking soda plus 1/2 tsp cream of tartar
Beer 1 c 1 c chicken broth
Bread crumbs 1 c 1 c cracker crumbs
Broth (chicken or beef) 1 c 1 bouillon cube dissolved in 1 c boiling water
Butter (salted) 1 c 1 c margarine OR 1 c shortening plus 1/2 tsp salt OR 7/8 c vegetable oil plus 1/2 tsp salt OR 7/8 c lard plus 1/2 tsp salt
Butter (unsalted) 1 c 1 c shortening OR 7/8 c vegetable oil OR 7/8 c lard
Buttermilk 1 c 1 c yogurt OR 1 T lemon juice or vinegar plus enough milk to make 1 c
Chervil 1 T 1 T parsley
Chocolate (semisweet) 1 oz 1 (1 oz) square of unsweetened chocolate plus 4 tsp sugar OR 1 oz semisweet chocolate chips plus 1 tsp shortening
Chocolate (unsweetened) 1 oz 3 T unsweetened cocoa plus 1 T shortening or vegetable oil
Cocoa 1/4 c 1 (1 oz) square unsweetened chocolate
Condensed cream of mushroom soup 1 can 1 can condensed cream of celery, cream of chicken, OR golden mushroom soup
Corn syrup 1 c 1 1/4 c white sugar plus 1/3 c water OR 1 c honey
Cottage cheese 1 c 1 c ricotta cheese
Cracker crumbs 1 c 1 c bread crumbs
Cream (half and half) 1 c 7/8 c milk plus 1 T butter
Cream (heavy) 1 c 1 c evaporated milk OR 3/4 c milk plus 1/3 c butter
Cream (light) 1 c 1 c evaporated milk OR 3/4 c milk plus 3 T butter
Cream (whipped) 1 c 1 c frozen whipped topping, thawed
Cream cheese 1 c 1 c pureed cottage cheese OR 1 c plain yogurt, strained overnight in a cheesecloth
Cream of tartar 1 tsp 2 tsp lemon juice or vinegar
Egg 1 whole 2-1/2 T of powdered egg substitute plus 2-1/2 T water OR 1/4 c liquid egg substitute OR 1/4 c silken tofu pureed OR 3 Ts mayonnaise OR half a banana mashed with 1/2 tsp baking powder
Evaporated milk 1 c 1 c light cream
Flour (bread) 1 c 1 c all-purpose flour plus 1 tsp wheat gluten
Flour (cake) 1 c 1 c all-purpose flour minus 2 T
Flour (self-rising) 1 c 7/8 c all-purpose flour plus 1-1/2 tsp baking powder and 1/2 tsp of salt
Garlic 1 clove 1/8 tsp garlic powder OR 1/2 tsp granulated garlic OR 1/2 tsp garlic salt (reduce salt in recipe)
Ginger (dry) 1 tsp 2 tsp chopped fresh ginger
Ginger (fresh) 1 tsp 1/2 tsp ground dried ginger
Green onion 1/2 c 1/2 c chopped onion OR 1/2 c chopped leek OR 1/2 c chopped shallots
Hazelnuts 1 c 1 c macadamia nuts OR 1 c almonds
Herbs (fresh) 1 T 1 tsp dried herbs
Herring 8 oz 8 oz sardines
Honey 1 c 1 1/4 c white sugar plus 1/3 c water OR 1 c corn syrup
Hot sauce 1 tsp 3/4 tsp cayenne pepper plus 1 tsp vinegar
Ketchup 1 c 1 c tomato sauce plus 1 tsp vinegar plus 1 T sugar
Lard 1 c 1 c shortening OR 7/8 c vegetable oil OR 1 c butter
Lemon grass 2 stalks 1 T lemon zest
Lemon juice 1 tsp 1/2 tsp vinegar OR 1 tsp white wine OR 1 tsp lime juice
Lemon zest 1 tsp 1/2 tsp lemon extract OR 2 Ts lemon juice
Lime juice 1 tsp 1 tsp vinegar OR 1 tsp white wine OR 1 tsp lemon juice
Lime zest 1 tsp 1 tsp lemon zest
Macadamia nuts 1 c 1 c almonds OR 1 c hazelnuts
Mace 1 tsp 1 tsp nutmeg
Margarine 1 c 1 c shortening plus 1/2 tsp salt OR 1 c butter OR 7/8 c vegetable oil plus 1/2 tsp salt OR 7/8 c lard plus 1/2 tsp salt
Mayonnaise 1 c 1 c sour cream OR 1 c plain yogurt
Milk (whole) 1 c 1 c soy milk OR 1 c rice milk OR 1 c water or juice OR 1/4 c dry milk powder plus 1 c water OR 2/3 c evaporated milk plus 1/3 c water
Mint (fresh) 1/4 c 1 T dried mint leaves
Molasses 1 c 3/4 c brown sugar plus 1 tsp cream of tartar
Mustard (prepared) 1 T 1 T dried mustard plus 1 tsp water plus 1 tsp vinegar plus 1 tsp sugar
Onion 1 c 1 c green onions OR 1 c shallots OR 1 c leeks OR 1/4 c dried minced onion OR 1/4 c onion powder
Orange juice 1 T 1 T other citrus juice
Orange zest 1 T 1/2 tsp orange extract OR 1 tsp lemon juice
Parmesan cheese 1/2 c 1/2 c Asiago cheese OR 1/2 c Romano cheese
Parsley(fresh) 1 T 1 T fresh chervil OR 1 tsp dried parsley
Pepperoni 1 oz 1 oz salami
Raisin 1 c 1 c dried currants OR 1 c dried cranberries OR 1 c chopped pitted prunes
Rice (white) 1 c 1 c barley OR 1 c bulgur OR 1 c brown or wild rice
Ricotta 1 c 1 c dry cottage cheese OR 1 c silken tofu
Rum 1 T 1/2 tsp rum extract plus enough water to make 1 T
Saffron 1/4 tsp 1/4 tsp turmeric
Salami 1 oz 1 oz pepperoni
Chocolate chips (semisweet) 1 c 1 c chocolate candies OR 1 c other flavored chips OR 1 c chopped nuts OR 1 c chopped dried fruit
Shallots (chopped) 1/2 c 1/2 c chopped onion OR 1/2 c chopped leek OR 1/2 c chopped green onion
Shortening 1 c 1 c butter OR 1 c margarine minus 1/2 tsp salt from recipe
Sour cream 1 c 1 c plain yogurt OR 1 T lemon juice or vinegar plus enough cream to make 1 c OR 3/4 c buttermilk mixed with 1/3 c butter
Sour milk 1 c 1 T vinegar or lemon juice plus enough milk to make 1 c (let stand 5 minutes to thicken)
Soy sauce 1/2 c 4 T Worcestershire sauce plus 1 T water
Stock (chicken or beef) 1 c 1 bouillon cube dissolved in 1 c boiling water
Sweetened condensed milk 1 can 3/4 c white sugar mixed with 1/2 c water plus 1-1/8 c dry powdered milk (boil and cook, stirring frequently, until thickened, about 20 minutes)
Vegetable oil (for baking) 1 c 1 c applesauce OR 1 c fruit puree
Vegetable oil (for frying) 1 c 1 c lard OR 1 c vegetable shortening
Vinegar 1 tsp 1 tsp lemon or lime juice OR 2 tsp white wine
White sugar 1 c 1 c brown sugar OR 1-1/4 c confectioners sugar OR 3/4 c honey OR 3/4 c corn syrup
Wine 1 c 1 c chicken or beef broth OR 1 c fruit juice plus 2 tsp vinegar OR 1 c water
Yeast (active dry) 1 pkg 1 cake compressed yeast OR 2-1/2 tsp active dry yeast OR 2-1/2 tsp rapid rise yeast
Yogurt 1 c 1 c sour cream OR 1 c buttermilk OR 1 c sour milk
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6 Responses to Common Ingredient Substitutions

  1. nanjhall says:

    Useful list! But do wonder how chicken broth can be substituted for beer:)

  2. Tya TK says:

    Great list! Thanks! :-)  http://www.craftrunwag.blogspot.com

  3. shikin says:

    thanks for ur info…

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